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Poverty can be defined as a situation in which a person is unable to meet basic needs for sustenance of life. These basic requirements include food, clothing and home. According to the report of the C. Rangarajan committee, the new poverty line was fixed at Rs. 32 per day in rural areas and Rs. 47 per day in towns and cities. At the present time 28.5 percent of the Indian population lives below the poverty line. Those who fall in the category of the poor have a daily income of less than Rs. 33 in cities and Rs. 27 in village.

“Do you think this amount (Rs. 33) is enough for a day to live in an enough for even a day to live in any part of the country, where the prices of food items are touching the sky”?

Above line shows that, majority of India population living below the poverty line. According to statistical data, a person earning Rs 40 per day is not poor. This one is the important matter of thinking of all Indians. Despite all efforts, the total number of poor in India is increasing and it is becoming a hindrance. The important causes of poverty are given below;

  1. High population growth rate of India is a major role play in poverty.
  2. The second major cause leads to high level of illiteracy.
  3. The third one is poor health care facilities and lack of financial resources.
causes of poverty in India


Poverty in India is like a disease suffering from different problem like; crime, slow growth, unemployment, poor health and lack of education. Poor children are unable to go to school they work of begging or work at the hotel and street shop for their livelihood. Poverty prevention has been the main goal of five year plans in India since its inception. Along with economic prosperity in India, target and welfare measures have been emphasized for poverty alleviation. Some important government schemes for poverty eradication:

PDS (Public Distribution System)

PDS distributes subsidized food and non-food items to the poor people. In all states distributed through a network of food grains like; wheat, rice, sugar and kerosene oil. Under this PDS scheme, every household of below the poverty line is entitled for 35 kilograms of rice or wheat each month, while above poverty line household is eligible to 15 kilograms of food grain on a monthly basis.

MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act)

This is a major scheme run by the central government to develop the village and provide employment to the rural areas people to prevent their migration. In this scheme of the government provide guarantees to ensure livelihood security in rural households for every household by providing at-least 100 days of guaranteed wages employment in rural areas.

RSBY (Rashtriya swasthya Bima Yojana)

National Health Insurance Scheme is for health insurance for the poor. It provides cashless insurance for all public those who have yellow ration cards have paid a registration fee of Rs 30 to get a biometric smart card with their figure and print photographs.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a major scheme launched with the objective of providing free education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 years. This Yojana announced in year 2000-01.

Make In India

On September 2014, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Make In India’ program with the goal of making India a global production hub. But it did not get enough success, because policy laxity and lack of infrastructure development were considered to be major obstacles.


In my opinion, there is a need to make the scheme more targeted on the key sector like; farmers in rural areas, scheduled tribes peoples and casual laborers in cities. Therefore, there is a need to keep them at the center in poverty prevention programs. Jobless angle is also a major cause of poverty.

Employment can be increased and poverty can be decreased by the promoting small and cottage industries, textile, leather footwear, small scale industries and handicrafts item. Apart from this, employment can also be increased with proper implementation of ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana’ is the quit good steps to end poverty of India.

About the author

Dasharath Maurya


  • The Poverty is not the biggest problem but the way to implementation is the major factor to handle this.
    The major cause is –
    Heavy population pressure
    Unemployment and price increase

  • I thought…..
    Associated with the lack of education, high divorce rate, a culture of poverty….one cause is also illiteracy overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria and environmental problems such as lack of rainfall.

  • I hope you can more focus on the unemployment which is the basic cause of poverty. And secondly not proper rate of wages are providing by the industry to causal labour, you may visit the industrial area of any city try to collect the data from labour about the paid wages, you will find the actual position.
    Apart of it irrespective of the solution government of India taking significant steps to solve the problem but still fail. I think the cause behind it not proper implementation of government policies. All efforts has been done on paper only not in the actual sense. You can justify and check the actual facts of skill development programme in india. Government should give free domestic trade poliy. I think government should evaluate fesibility and applicability before any policy. And minimum wages act should implement strictly.

  • As we know the real India lives in villages. There is need to pay more attention for rural population with effective plan and action to poverty eradication.

  • There are large of scheme for removing poverty but our corrupt system doesn’t help in reaching all the schemes to them who has really need of this

  • As I think …Only way to eradicate poverty is providing employment to all.Becz employment helps to make physical as well as mental health…that will led them to become more responsible towards their economical & social life.Inspite of providing them with a day scheme.

  • The un equal distribution of nations’ wealth is another reason for poverty apart from population explosion and unemployment. Rich has become richer and poor has become poorer , this is because noon or poor implementation of government policies due to corruption.

  • You are absolutely correct that poverty is a big problem but what we can do is the main thing.. We should convey our thoughts and a proper plan which work for reducing it….. As we know we lives in a Democratic country where all one has some rights, we should use those rights and can force government to do something for this or as I say above give a proper plan for it.

  • The biggest cause of poverty is overpopulation.The population is increasing due to which the rate of employment is decreasing

  • This is right it’s main reason is unemployment & increase high population but appreciated with your poverty standard Rs 33 in a day for village & Rs 42 in a day for town . please write about poverty how can reduce it from our country .

  • Only two reasons according to me for Poverty of the country.

    1 – Policy implementation by Indian Govt.
    2- Social participation of the Indian people.

    This is a bi-directional process including role of Indian Govt. as well as Indian people.
    But, it’s quite disappointed. No one is ready to accept their own responsibility in the society.
    Govt. are ready to play with data(as mentioned in this article Rs. ?) & people are ready to play with their own responsibility.

    To educate poor people & by the awareness program , we can resolve this issue. No doubt so many projects are running in the country to resolve poverty of India but again question is same…. Participation of indian people’s to the society & its implementation.



  • Sir
    kuch yojnae aur bhi h jaise Bhart ansuman yojna and others .
    Good artical and every plan are explane clearly.

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