EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA
The Indian education system is quite different from foreign countries. In western countries their syllabus is light and based on practical knowledge, whereas the Indian education system is focused on theoretical knowledge and make their numbers by rote. Students are expected to read all the chapters in the other world whole book, and bring good grades (marks) in the classroom.
The marking system in all Indian schools starts with primary classes, putting the burden on younger children. These types of competitive environment are increasing day by day. Parents want their children for better performance against their peers and teachers wants their class to perform better than other classes.
‘Education’ Is The Subject Of Concurrent List
Prior to 1976, education was entirely the responsibility of the states, but by the 42nd constitution amendment made in 1976, the five subjects which were removed from the state list and placed in the concurrent list, included education. It is worth noting that the Center and the states work together on the topics included in the concurrent list. After 72 years Independence of India, a try to put the education system in the Indian structure has been made in the proposed ‘National Education Policy’ of 2019. The chairman of this preparation, educational committee is the famous scientist ‘K. Kasturirangan’.
New Education System
The national education policy in our country was formulated in 1986 and it was amended in 1992, since then there have been many changes in this policy. A solid action has been taken at the basic level in the new education policy. Under it, there is a proposal to open this school in every village as mandatory and there is a provision to provide at least basic education to all classes of people. There is a provision to provide at least basic education to the backward classes.
- Childhood care
- Right to education
- Improvement in school examination
- Teacher Manager
- ICT in the field of education.
- Business education and training
- Disabled education
- Adult Education.
The above educational program many changes have been made in the field of education, the government wants that not a single person in our country is illiterate, it has implemented many policies. The government has made education policy for those areas, which leave their studies in the middle for some reason or are unable to pass the exam.
There is no doubt that in India, the maximum number of government employees is seen in the Educational sector, and there are thousands of officers and administrators who are an important part of our educational set-up. Despite this, even after 72 years of independence, India has not been able to achieve the desired results despite concerted efforts in the field of education and India’s education world is affected by many institutional problems.
Major Problems And Solution
Primary and Secondary education is very important in terms of education, because it prepares students for higher education and to work in the world. With liberalization and globalization in the Indian economy, rapid changes in science and technology, and the need to improve living standards and reduce poverty, it is imperative that students completing schooling as compared to eight years of elementary education have a high level of knowledge and skills, as those who hold certificates of completion of secondary education. That is why it is necessary to provide good and affordable education to all children in the age group between 5 to 18 years, which is within their reach.
- There is currently no formula to ensure accountability and performance of professors in universities and colleges. This is in contrast to foreign universities, where faculty performance is evaluated based on the performance of their peers and students.
- Quality is a major challenge in higher education in India. Very few Indian educational institutions get a place in the top-200 world rankings.
- The education sector of our country is most affected by the shortage of teachers. According to the UGC, out of the total sanctioned teaching positions, 35% posts of Professor, 46% Associate Professor Posts and 26% Assistant Professor Posts are vacant.
- Governments are also constantly making efforts to improve education. But there is also a risk of failure of educational reform programs run by the states, as they do not follow the roadmap while making changes and all stakeholders are not taken into account while making policies.
There are many factors affecting the quality of education. All studies and surveys related to education in the country indicate that the level of students with education is also below expectations. For this the teachers are directly blamed and the reality is blinded to the fact that the infrastructure of schools / colleges and the training of teachers are very weak. There are more than one lakh schools in the country, where there is only one teacher. Even after 72 years of independence, if this is the condition and direction of education in the country, it will be necessary to take active support of everyone in a positive campaign to improve the quality of school education. This campaign will require the efforts of the government, civil society organizations, experts, parents, community members and children for improving the quality of education.