GREEN REVOLUTION IN INDIA
Green revolution means a rapid increase in food production by making maximum use of modern techniques and facilities. Under this, the production of agriculture increased rapidly after 1966 by using an advanced Agriculture machine. The enhancement in overall agricultural production is known as Green Revolution.
In this way the Government initiates and provides loans for seeds, fertilizers and farming equipments to farmers at cheap prices. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research was encouraged for the development of agricultural science and technology. In the green revolution in India, Agricultural scientist Mr. Norman Borlaug and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan has paid a special contribution. Norman Borlaug discovers of improved varieties of wheat to increase agricultural production. Dr. M. S. Swaminathan was director of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research at the time of Green Revolution. An agricultural award is also given in his name in India.
Gandhi Ji always says that India is a country of villages. More than 80 percent of the population lives in a village in our country. The main occupation of the villagers is farming, on this also India has to import food grains on a large scale from time to time. This situation is very sad. On this condition led to Green Revolution to deal effectively in our country. Its supporter was our former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, who gave the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” to the country. After his death, the program was run from 1967 – 68. It is a type of agriculture revolution.
COMPONENT OF GREEN REVOLUTION
The Use of High – Yield Variety Seeds: – One of the basic changes is the use of high yielding variety of seeds in the farming. With the help of this program this becomes possible for led intensive agriculture in wheat, paddy, maize and bajara has become developed and widely distributed all areas of the country.
Better irrigation facility: – Farming totally depended on availability of water. Water is available either from rain or surface flow or below ground like pump set, tubewell. In India, irrigation is highly depending near about 70 percent of rainfall. Rainfall in most of the part in India is very low, in this situation urgent need for providing assured supplies of irrigation.
Pesticides: – On an average 15 – 20 percent crop is damaged every year due to defective seeds and plants. The adoption of high yield varieties of seeds has become stronger when pesticides prevents the plant and seeds more because it is conducive to the growth of the plant population.
Guaranteed Minimum Price: – The guaranteed minimum prices have been given due to provide incentive in all agricultural products. Support price policy for food-grain adopted in 1964 throughout the country. In order for the government, for suitable price policies in all agriculture products.
Better Financial Assistance: – The main aim of this financial assistance provides more credit facilities to the farmer. Previously, have to depend on money lenders for the credit requirements. But after green revolution, many financial support provided by the government through a financial institution. The farmer has received low price credit finance for seeds, fertilizers and farming machinery.
Multiple Cropping Program: – The new approach in the agricultural strategy is the introduction of multiple cropping facility in the country. It aims to maximize production per unit of land per-unit of time by taking two, three or four types of crops in a year. By adopting multiple cropping programs getting increased return and economizing the farm resources.
Soil Testing: – Soil testing is another important step to extend the benefits of Green Revolution. Soil of different regions of India is tested by government laboratories. The purpose of these testes is to know what type of fertilizers and seeds will be more fruitful in different regions.
This Green Revolution has created many problems and to adverse impacts on the human health and the environment. Maximum uses of agrochemical based pest and weed control in some crops has affected the surrounding environment as well as human health.
To conclude, the green revolution changes the technological way in the farming. Due to the green revolution technology, farmers found new techniques and seeds for farming and produce large quantities of food grains to satisfy the basic needs of people. As a technological modernization, the Green Revolution changed the lifestyle of the whole country.