How to Become a Professor in India

There are many career options that one can choose after passing class 12th. Well, some career needs particular subjects in class 12th to be pursued further. Here in this article, I am sharing with you the complete details about the How to Become Professor in India and are the required eligibility criteria to be one. You will get to know the complete details about this like career in his field and overall career growth etc. Let’s see the complete details about this.

Most of the candidates decide their career after passing class 10th as they have to choose some specific subjects which are required for their career. The Science Stream, Commerce Stream or Arts or any other etc. To become a professor, One can choose any stream after passing 10th as they are no such requirement of the stream to apply for the professor’s vacancy or to appear for the professor’s exam etc. Then too, there are some criteria that must be matched in every manner to appear or apply for the professor’s vacancy or exam etc.

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Ways to Become a professor in India:

First of all, there is no way to become a professor in India after passing class 12th. To be eligible to seat in the professor’s exam. A candidate must have done a PhD in a relevant subject from any government recognized Institutes or Universities etc. Apart from the Educational Qualifications, it is also very important to some professional skills like:

  • Passion for teaching.
  • Deep interest in the related subject.
  • Research Analysis
  • Expertise in a particular subject
  • Curriculum planning
  • Critical thinking
  • Creativity to find innovative ideas for teaching.
  • Desire to learn new things.
  • Perfect communication.
  • Thorough research.
  • Problem-solving ability.
  • Time management.
  • Positive confidence etc

A professor is considered the highest rank in teacher. It is clear that one has to pursue the PhD Course to become a professor in India. To apply for admission in the PhD Course in India. One has to clear some entrance exam which is conducted at the National-level entrance or State Level Entrance Exam etc. Here is the step by step process to becoming a professor in India:

How to Become a Professor

  • Choose your favt subject in class 12th:
  • Earn Graduation Degree in the related field
  • Participating in an Assistantship
  • Get Doctorate
  • Appear for Entrance Exam of Professor like NET, SLET etc

Here are the details about the Entrance exam that one has to clear to become a professor in India.

Competitive Exams to Clear to Become Professor in India:

To pursue your career as Professor in India. Here is the list of Competitive exams that you can clear to be a professor. Let’s see the details:

NET (National Eligibility Test):

The NET is a famous exam which is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). After clearing this, one will be selected as an assistant professor or JRF in any college in India. To appear for this exam, A candidate must have a graduation degree with a minimum of 50% marks.

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering):

This Exam is conducted at the All India Level by the GATE community. You can use your GATe score to get admission to the PhD. And completion of the PhD. You can apply to become Professor or Lecturers in IITs and NITs etc.

SLET (State Level Eligibility Test):

The State Level Eligibility Test is conducted by the National Testing Agency. After clearing this exam, you can work with any college, Institute or University at the state level.

CSIR NET ( CSIR National Eligibility Test):

This Exam is also conducted by the National Testing Agency. This Exam is conducted in the following streams of Science including the:
• Life Sciences
• Physical Sciences
• Chemical Sciences
• Mathematical Sciences and
• Earth Sciences etc

After clearing this exam, one can work as a lecturer, Professor, JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) in any college, Institute or University in India.

These are the ways if you are looking for how to become a professor in India. Well, it is not that easy to be one. One has to prepare so well in order to become a professor in India. The competition is too much in this field. Here are the details about the duties of a professor in India.

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Duties of a Professor in India:

The Work of a professor is not limited to the Classroom. There are many other works that they have to perform. You may know that teaching is not just a job. It is a lifestyle and Emotion etc. Here are the duties of Professors in India:

  • Prepare lectures, syllabus, and labs for their classes.
  • Grade the class assignments.
  • Presentations in various institutes about higher education.
  • Prepare, execute, and grade the exams.
  • Calculate the grades of the students.
  • Advise the students outside the class.
  • Lead educational trips and attend various seminars.
  • Student counselling
  • Supervise and evaluate teaching by graduates and colleagues.
  • Research new developments in education.
  • Supervise and help graduates in their research work.
  • Evaluate PhD written and oral exams.
  • Write proposals for funding agencies.
  • Draft papers for academic journal publication.
  • Give public lectures.
  • Research new learning techniques and introduce them to students.

Career Scope and Job Opportunities:

The Job of a Professor is very respectable in India and one gets paid very well in the government sector. The overall career is awesome, with just few years of experience in this field, one will get better career growth. Here is the list of the top recruiter in this field.

Private Institutions Government Institutions
Coaching Institutes Online Coaching Portals
Research-based institutions Colleges and Universities

Promotions: Professor => Senior Professor => Professor of Eminence => Dean/Director => Pro- Vice-Chancellor => Vice-Chancellor => Chancellor.

Salary of a Professor in India:

A professor of any government university gets paid well. This job comes in the highest government-paid jobs. An average salary of a government professor can be somewhere between 30,000/- per month as fresher and with just years of experience in this field. One can earn more than lakhs in a month or even more.

The Salary also depends on many factor like, type of colleges you are in, type of course, Number of classes you are attending and overall college ranking etc. But, your salary or payscale would be keeps on increasing with your experience. Let’s see the names of some best colleges to become professor in India.

Best Colleges to Become Professor in India:

There are many colleges that one can choose. Here is the names of some that are known for the Post graduation and Phd etc. One can choose any of these colleges for better education. Well, We are not promoting any college here. The names has been shared just to help the students. Always do proper cross-check before opting for admission in any college.

  • Lady Shri Ram College for Women – [LSR], New Delhi
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University – [GGSIPU], New Delhi
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University-[JMI], New Delhi
  • Maharshi Dayanand University – [MDU], Rohtak
  • Calicut University, Calicut
  • Lovely Professional University – [LPU], Jalandhar
  • Amity University, Lucknow
  • Banaras Hindu University – [BHU], Varanasi
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh University – [CCS], Meerut
  • ICFAI University, Dehradun

Well, The competition is too much in the government sector. One has also an option to work in the private sectors or start your own primary school etc. There is wide career option. Just educate yourself in a very proper manner.

FAQs For How to Become Professor

How to become Professor in India After 12th?

To become professor in India. A candidate must have done post Graduation in any discipline to appear for the professor’s Entrance examination. There is no way to become professor after 12th in India.

How long does it takes to become college professor in India?

After passing class 12th, Its takes around 6-7 years etc to become professor in India. One has to pass 3 years of graduation and then 2 years of masters. After this, they can appear for the Professor’s exam.

What is salary of a UGC-NET Qualified Assistant professor in India?

The Average salary or minimum salary is around 37,000/- per month. The Salary also depends on colleges/universities.

About the author

Dasharath Maurya