This courses prepare students for a variety of Career in Agriculture after 12th, including animal husbandry, farming, agronomy or horticulture management. Agriculture courses include diploma, bachelors and post graduate degrees. In these courses, students learn the basics of agriculture and horticulture as well as teach how to run the business of agriculture.
Importance of the Agriculture
Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian economy. India has been an agricultural country since the beginning. Today more than half of India’s population is directly connected with agriculture sector. India is second in the world in the field of agriculture. Agriculture and allied sectors such as forestry and fisheries accounted for 13.7% of the 2013 GDP (GDP).
Choose Career in B. Sc Agriculture after 12th
There is a 4 year course for agriculture courses after 12th, which is called B.Sc. Agriculture / B.Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) course. This course is also recognized as a professional course. For this, the student must have passed 10+2 in agriculture or biology.
Most of the universities in our country and state follow the entrance tests for admission by Joint Entrance Exam (JET). If the candidate qualifies this examination many universities take direct admission on the basis of merit of 12th marks.
Course Curriculum in B.Sc. Agriculture
In this four-year B.Sc. agricultural course the students gain knowledge in various disciplines of agriculture in a scientific manner. The role of this course is following the semester system (a semester of six months). During this time all the subjects of agricultural technology are intensively studied with the help of theory and practical knowledge.
The subjects such as Farm Management, Production and Protection, Agriculture Economics, Biological Sciences, Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering Technology and Food Science are compiled in this course. Basic principles of biology, chemistry, physics, math’s and statistics are also used in the agricultural course. Students can make their Career in Agriculture after 12th.
COURSES IN AGRICULTURE
1. Certificate course
After 10th or 12th, you can participate in the Agricultural Certificate Program. The course duration is between 1 to 2 years.
- Certificate Course in Agricultural Sciences
- Certificate Course in Food and Beverage Services
- Certificate Course in Bio-Fertilizer Production
2. Diploma Course
Diploma can be done after completing 10th or 12th. Total duration time taken in this course is generally 3 years. But, depending on the institute and course type, it can be anywhere between 1-3 years.
- Diploma in agriculture
- Diploma in Agriculture and Allied Practices
- Diploma in Food Processing
3. Bachelor Course (B.Sc.)
These educational programs are 4 years professional course. For this student have must 10 + 2 pass (science stream) is required.
- Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
- Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in Agriculture
- Bachelor of Science in Crop Physiology
4. Master Course (M.Sc.)
If you are completed your graduation in agriculture fields, you can join the course in PG certificate programs and PG diploma and Master in Agriculture (M.Sc.). Candidates who have completed Bachelor degree course are eligible to pursue these courses.
- Master of Science in Agriculture
- Master of Science in Biological Sciences
- Master of Science in Agricultural Botany
5. Doctoral Course
The PhD is a research-based doctoral program. Candidates who have completed the relevant PG course are eligible to pursue this program.
- Doctor of Philosophy in Agriculture
- Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Biotechnology
- Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Entomology
CAREER IN AGRICULTURE
1. Government Job
After getting a degree from Agriculture Department, you can also prepare for a government job from this field and make Career in Agriculture after 12th. You can apply for jobs in many departments of the government. For example, the Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare can prepare for the job.
2. Bank (Agricultural Sector Officer)
After completing the education from agriculture sector, you can be appointed to the post of officer in the bank directly by taking the IBPS exam. In this, you have to pass the loan from the Agriculture Department, go to a different place. On this post you will get good salary right from the beginning which is good for future.
3. Private or NGO Job
Nowadays there are many big companies which are trying to improve the agriculture sector. Not everyone gets a government job, so a private job is also a good option. After studying in agriculture department, you can work in a good company and enhance your Career in Agriculture after 12th.
4. Teacher Field
After doing M.Sc. or Ph.D. in agriculture, you can also make a career by becoming a teacher. This is a good option for those who want to study in agriculture department and fulfill their dream of becoming a teacher. This will help in the field of agriculture as well as your dream of becoming a teacher will also be completed.
5. Entrepreneurial Work (Self Employment)
Self-employment opportunities are also available in this area. After completing graduation in this field and with some experience, you can start your own business like agribusiness, Agro – products store, agro industries etc.
6. Highly Payments Jobs
Today, various employment opportunities are available for agricultural graduate candidates. This field can easily lead you to highly paid jobs & Agriculture courses after 12th.
The agriculture sector offers job opportunities in horticulture, poultry, plant science, soil science, food science, animal science etc. Other agriculture sectors that offer attractive returns include horticulture, dairy and poultry farming. After completing your postgraduate degree in agriculture, you can work as a supervisor, distributor, researcher and engineer.
Job & Career in Agriculture After 12th
- Crop specialist
- Fertilizer sales representative
- Food microbiologist
- Food researcher
- Plant geneticist
- Soil surveyor
- Farm manager
- Agricultural engineer
- Agricultural researcher
In our country, graduate (B.Sc or B.Tech) fresher’s in agriculture sector initially get an average of 18 thousand to 25 thousand rupees per month. Like all other fields, the salary package in this field depends to a large extent on the university or institute affiliated to the candidate’s job role, skills and their bachelor’s degree.
After 4 years to 6 years of work experience, professionals in this field can get an average package of up to Rs 6 lakh to 10 lakh per year.
Post graduate candidates in this field initially take an average annual salary package of up to Rs 3.6 lakh and after 4 years to 6 years of work experience can earn an average salary of Rs 9 lakh to 6 lakh per year.
Salary of Research Professionals
Similarly, research professionals associated with this field take an average salary of Rs 55 to 80 thousand per month. Apart from all these, after deep study in this field, students can also start self-employment, which can earn a good income.
At present, the State and Central Government are also providing loans through self-employment to the youth through the bank, so that the young partners can create employment.
FAQs For Career in Agriculture After 12th
Agriculture diploma course helps to learn about many facts of the careers like- Agriculture natural resources, Livestock production, Soil condition, Agriculture management, and working of the Agriculture Machinery Harvesters, Cropping Machinery etc.
•Diploma in agriculture
•Diploma in Agriculture and Allied Practices
•Diploma in Food Processing
•Fertilizer sales representative