How to Become a Journalist in India

Journalism is about results. It’s about affecting your body, community, or your society in the most effective way. Journalism is the presentation of edited news through social media. Journalism is all about how the news is made visible to the public through various sources like newspapers, Television, mobile phones, Radio, News Channels, etc. and the news is telecasted on the current events, issues, International affairs, trends, and the people. Here in this article, we will get to know the complete details about the Eligibility for Journalism, Admission Process and at last, we will see how to become a Journalist in India. Check out the blog below to get complete details about this.

How to become a Journalist
The main part of journalism is to spread the news all over the country. If you are having good communication skills in both Hindi and English or other regional languages, a lot of opportunities are waiting for you in the field of Journalism. In order to become a Journalist in India. One will need to pursue an undergraduate or postgraduate course in Mass Communication from any recognized College or University.

Skills you must have if you aspire to be a Journalist

  • You must have a good command of languages
  • You should have patience, confidence, energy.
  • You must have tolerative nature.
  • To control the situations.
  • Teamwork
  • Communication skills must be good.
  • Detail knowledge about politics, culture, religious matters, current events, and affairs.

Eligibility Required for Journalism

For Under Graduate Course

  • You can apply for journalism if you have completed your 10+2 from any board and from any stream like Commerce, Science, Arts with at least 50% marks.
  • Some colleges demand writing and communication skills. You should be fluent in speaking any language like English, Hindi, or another regional language.
  • Admission of the candidates depends upon the class 12th marks or the Entrance exam conducted by the college or university to shortlist the candidates for admission. Some colleges prefer interviews before giving admission to the candidates.

Read Also- Career in After 12th 

For Post Graduate Journalism

 In order to get better career growth. It is important to pursue a master’s degree program. Here are some required eligibility Criteria that are mandatory to have to pursue Postgraduate Journalism Course.

  • Students must have an undergraduate degree from any recognized college or university.
  • Candidates of all streams i.e Science, Commerce, Arts are eligible to apply for the post-graduation Journalism courses offered by the institute’s pf Journalism.
  • Candidates are selected on the basis of the entrance exam marks. A cutoff mark is decided by the college or university and on the basis of the cutoff, mark candidates are selected for admission.

Types of Journalism

There are many types of journalism. It is not about just speaking. One of the most common posts or positions in journalism is news anchoring. Here is the complete list of the Journalism.

  • Communications
  • Sports journalism
  • Social media
  • Foreign correspondent
  • Newspaper reporter
  • Freelance writing
  • Fashion journalism
  • Broadcast journalism
  • Investigative journalist etc.

Admission Process in Journalism

Various prestigious colleges or universities offer journalism courses and the admission for the journalism courses depends upon the marks of class 12th (for undergraduates) or the entrance exam conducted by the college  (for both undergraduate and postgraduation).

In merit-based admission, candidates have to present their documents to prove their eligibility for the admission and they are called for a personal interview by the college and on the basis of the performance and past academic record, candidates are offered admission.

In the entrance based admission candidates are required to fill the application form and candidates need to obtain their admit card to appear for the entrance exam. Merit is prepared and the name of candidates is shortlisted for the further process, candidates are called for the interview or group discussion and on the basis of the overall performance of the student i.e past academic records, interviews, entrance marks. Candidates are shortlisted for admission.

Syllabus of Journalism

  • Native language
  • English ( common language )
  • Mass communication
  • Basics of journalism
  • Media laws and Indian Constitution
  • Television broadcasting
  • Magazine journalism
  • Media criticism
  • Internet and news media
  • Environment and media
  • Radio broadcasting
  • History of journalism
  • Editing techniques
  • Basic audiovisual media
  • Media management
  • and public relations
  • Reporting methods
  • Media, society, and development.

Career and Job Opportunity in Journalism

Journalism is not just about speaking. You can become a news content writer. This is one of the easiest ways to get employed. Most of the news channels hire content writers. In the era of web media. It is not tough to get employed. One can also start his/her own channel and after some popularity, you will start earning from there. Most people have started their youtube channel and making short videos on the recent news. They just explain the complete news in an easy manner.

If you do not have any special diploma or degree in journalism. Then too, you can start. If people like your way of speaking or way of your writing etc. All you just need is passion and dedication towards your work.

Another option is to join the new channel as an Intern and start working to gain experience. At the beginning of a career, It would be tough to get a good salary. On average, You can make around 15,000/- per month to 30,000/- per month. Depending upon the types of news channel you are working with. In India, Political news gets more attention as compared to the other news. Even an Intern in this field can better in this. I have explained ever career in details below:

A career in Print Media

Reporter: The work of the reporter of any news channel, television, Radio, Newspaper, etc. to report accurately and clearly so that the audience can understand easily. You have to collect information and make a story to publish or telecast.

Special Reporter: The reporter of the particular field must have detailed knowledge about the field he is in ( political, sports, international affairs, etc.), and the reporter must-have skill to read and explain the news.

Feature Writer: The work of a feature writer is to write detailed stories on various alarming topics.

Proofreader: The job of the proofreader is to compare the proofs with edited copies. To be a proofreader, one must be good at punctuation marks and grammar.

Columnist: Columnist writes in a particular segment of the newspaper or magazine. And the column must highlight the viewpoint of any alarming topic like fashion, films, music, actors, etc.

Leader Writer: Leader writer basically expresses their views on news topics through the editorial column only.

Editor: The responsibility of the editor in the print media is to maintain uniformity and continuity. And they present the news in a decorated and attractive manner.

Photo Journalist: To be a photojournalist one must be a good photographer who clicks pictures in an attractive way and one must be ready and trained to work in difficult situations like fire, Janta curfew, etc. you must have good writing skills and must know to address the captions of the photography.

Critic: If you want to be a critic then you must have to be experienced and well-read, one must have detailed knowledge about the particular field.

Cartoonist: To be a cartoonist, your sense of humor must be good to get recognition as a cartoonist. A cartoonist comments on the happenings in a humorous manner.

A career in Electronic Media

Broadcast Reporters: To be a broadcast reporter you must have good communication skills in any particular language and you must be good at presentation.

Researchers: The job of the researcher is to research various topics for the news channel. Researchers must be creative and advocative in nature.

Presenters: Presenters mostly control and compose the stressful condition. the presenters must have good communication skills and command in any language and must know to use the right expression and tone to convey the message or news to the public.

Now let’s see the best colleges in India to pursue journalism courses. Many colleges offer Journalism courses. Here are the names of some best colleges in India.

Best colleges in India for Journalism

I hope that you got the answer to How to Become a Journalist in India. For a better career in any field. You just need passion and dedication.

FAQs For How to Become a Journalist

What is the salary of a Journalist in India?

The Salary of any journalist depends on his type of journalism and his job position etc. On average, beginners can get around 20k per month and it can go up to crores per month or even more depending upon your experience.

What to study to become a Journalist in India?

After the completion of class 12th. One can pursue a Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication course from any reputed college or University. And after the completion of the bachelor’s degree, You can go for further studies like a Master’s degree or Post Graduate Diploma courses, etc.

Can I become a Journalist without any degree in India?

A degree Course or diploma courses just gives you better knowledge and good starts to your career. But if you want to start your own news channel or own Youtube channel for Journalism. You do not need any special degree for that.

How to become a Journalist in India
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How to become a Journalist in India
Here in this article, we will get to know the complete details about the Eligibility for Journalism, Admission Process and at last, we will see how to become a Journalist in India.
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About the author

Dasharath Maurya