What is the Difference Between MD and MS?

The Master Degree course has its own value and it adds more seniority as well as more experience to your life as well as your resume. Here in this article, I am sharing with you the complete details about the master’s degree courses, which is very famous and often confuse about that. here we will get to know about what is the difference between MD and MS courses. We will see a complete difference and at last, we will also talk about that which is best. The MD and MS courses are very much similar in nature but the eligibility criteria required for admission in the course is different. Well, Let’s see the complete difference between MD and MS courses.

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What is the difference between MD and MS courses:

After completing 12th, the serious dilemma comes to a student where he has to decide their career especially when it comes to the medical field. Securing a seat in MBBS is not an easy task, it takes hard work and lots of patience to clear the entrance exam. MBBS is an undergraduate course and after this, the serious dilemma comes to students whether to choose MD or MS. After you complete MBBS you can be called a Doctor, MD or MS is a specialisation course where you will be trained whether in the field of medicines or surgery.

If you choose MD, you will be trained in the field of medicines to prescribes certain medications or drugs to the patient. And if you choose MS you will be trained to get a speciality in Surgery and to be professional in using medical tools and equipment in surgery. An MD can not perform surgery but a surgeon can work as a physician. Let’s see the details about this One by One.

Difference Between MD and MS

Details About the MD (Doctor of Medicine):

MD or Doctor of medicines is a 2-year post-graduate course that can be pursued after the bachelor course in MBBS  as per the NMC (national medical council) earlier known as MCI (medical council of India). Though it is not an easy task to clear the NEET PG exam to pursue MD, only one out of 3 students are referred to as a specialist. This course studies the prevention or treatment of certain diseases. The fees of this course vary from college to college but the average fee is 1 to 2 lakhs per annum. The salary offered to the specialists in this field is between 1 to 6 lakhs.

Eligibility Criteria Required for MD:

In order to pursue this specialisation doctorate course, the student must meet the following criteria which are as follows:

  • The student must hold the MBBS degree from a recognised medical college or institute of India or Abroad.
  • Admission in all the medical fields is done on the basis of the NEET exam in India and because MD is a postgraduate course, the student must clear the NEET PG exam to pursue this course.
  • The cutoff varies from college to college.

Admission Process in MD Course:

First, the student will be required to sit for the NEET PG exam then the merit list will be released by the respective body following the NEET PG results. Through the NEET PG counselling process and selection process, students will be offered admission to MD courses and students will have to decide the MD course and choose the desired college to study. Medicine college will be offered to students on the basis of the NEET PG merit list and the number of vacant vacancies in the college. Some famous entrance exams for MD (Doctor of Medicine):

Master of Surgery (MS):

Master of surgery is a three-year degree program where students are trained to use various medical tools and equipment. It mainly focuses on various human body parts to perform surgery and prevent many diseases. There is good career scope in this field. Surgeons are considered life saviours because they help to improve various body functions and treat ruptured areas of the body.

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Eligibility Criteria for MS:

The Eligibility Criteria is a bit different for MS as compared to the MD. The candidate must match the following criteria in order to pursue MS. They are as follows:-

  • The candidate must have an MBBS degree with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks from any reputed college or institute.
  • Students of all ages can pursue this course.
  • Admission in all the medical fields is done on the basis of the NEET exam in India and because MD is a postgraduate course, the student must clear the NEET PG exam to pursue this course.

There are many other entrance exams as well for admission in the MS courses. Well, Let’s see the complete details about the Admission process in the Master of Surgery Course.

Admission Process of MS Course:

The Admission in the course is usually done on the basis of the performance in the entrance examination. One will have to appear for the Entrance exam. Here is the list of the Entrance exam that one can appear for to get admission in the master of surgery course:

  • PGIMER etc

There is no way to get admission in the course without an entrance examination. one will have to appear for the entrance to get a reputed college for admission.

Difference Between MD and MS Specialization Course:

Doctor of MedicineMaster of Surgery
·       MD anaesthesiologist

·       MD Orthopedics

·       MD neurology

·       MD Gynecology

·       MD cardiology

·       MD paediatrics

·       MD endocrinology

·       MD internal medicine


·       MD Dermatology

·       MD Pathology

·       MD Radiodiagnosis.

·       MS ENT

·       MS plastic surgery

·       MS urology

·       MS cardiac surgery

·       MS Gynecology

·       MS cardiothoracic surgery

·       MS paediatric surgery

·       MS ophthalmology

·       MS obstetrics

·       MS orthopaedics

·       MS cosmetic surgery etc

Now let’s see the syllabus of the MD and MS courses. Let’s see them one by one.

Syllabus of MD Course:

The Syllabus of the course can be different as per the college. But overall it would be very similar in nature. Here are the subjects that one will be studying in the Doctor of Medicine course.

Semester I & II

  • Applied basic science knowledge
  • Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
  • Diseases with reference to General Medicine
  • Diagnostic investigation and procedures
  • Recent advances in Medicine

Semester III & IV

  • Monitoring seriously ill patients
  • Ability to carry out research
  • Counselling patients and relatives
  • Ward patient management
  • Ability to teach undergraduate students
  • OPD patient management

Semester V & VI

  • Long and short topic presentations
  • Journal conferences
  • Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions
  • PG case presentation skills
  • Clinico-radiological and clinicopathological conferences
  • Research review

Syllabus of MS Course:

There is no practical training in the master of surgery course other than theoretical knowledge. One will have more practical training sessions in the Master of surgery course. Here is the list of the following subjects that one will be studying.

  • ENT
  • General Surgery
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics etc

I Hope, You got the details about the topic. Both Courses are between. It is all about your interest and passion.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is the highest degree in Medical?

The Doctor of Medicine is the highest degree in medicine for physicians or surgeons depending upon the country like UK, USA, Canada, India etc.

How many years is MD after MBBS?

The Duration of the MD Course is 2 years. Well, Almost every Post-graduation course is for two years.

Is it mandatory to do MD or MS after MBBS Course?

No, It completely depends on the interest and passion of a candidate. But, if you want to get specialized in one particular area, you can opt for MD or MS.

About the author

Dasharath Maurya