There are many career options that one can opt for after passing class 10th, class 12th or after graduation. Here in this article, I am sharing with you the complete details about the Horticulture Courses in India. We will get to know the details like required eligibility criteria for admission, types of courses available in this field and what are the career options available in the field etc. To get complete details about this, check the complete details below:
There are many types of courses that one can opt for. One has an option to go for the diploma courses, Undergraduate courses or even master’s courses in the respected field. The required criteria and teh admission process are completely different for each course. The Job opportunities, as well as the career scope, is also different as per the course structure, knowledge and experience etc.
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What is Horticulture Courses:
Horticulture is the branch of agricultural science which deals with the study of various plants and flowers and they work on the growth of Plants, Vegetables, Flowers, Bush, Gardens etc. Horticulturists take care of plants and take various measures to resist the insects to destroy the plants. Horticulturists basically study the genes of plants, diseases of plants, cultivation of plants. Horticulture is about implanting scientific knowledge into the field and thus increasing the productivity of plants. If you are planning to opt for horticulture for your career then you are doing an excellent job because the scope and business of horticulture are increasing very rapidly and there are vast job opportunities in this field.
Horticulture Course Highlights:
The required criteria for a degree course and diploma courses are a bit different. Overall the admission criteria are the same for all. This course is widely offered by a number of colleges in India. Here are the course highlights of the bachelor’s degree.
|Full form||Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture|
|Admission Process||Entrance based/Merit-based|
|Average Fee||INR 30,000 – INR 75,000|
|Job Positions||Field Operator, Asst Manager Well Testing, Process Operator, Geologist/Petroleum Geologist|
|Average Salary||INR 2,00,000 – INR 4,00,000|
Horticulture Courses in India:
There is a large number of courses offered in the field of horticulture. As I mentioned above as well that one has an option to pursue the diploma course, Degree course etc. Here are the details:
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HORTICULTURE BACHELOR’S COURSES
- BSc (bachelor of science) in horticulture
- BTech (Bachelor of technology) in horticulture
HORTICULTURE MASTER’S COURSES
- MSc (master of science) in horticulture
- Postgraduate diploma in horticulture and landscape gardening
- Mc agriculture horticulture
Required Eligibility Criteria for Horticulture Courses:
The required criteria for admission to the diploma course, bachelor’s degree and master’s degree are different. Here are the complete details about the required criteria for each course:
Diploma in Horticulture:
- The candidate must have completed class 10+2 from any recognized board with an aggregate of 35% marks or more.
- The minimum age is 15 and the maximum age is 22.
- Special relaxation is given to the son/daughter of farmers.
- The course duration is 2 years.
Bachelor of Science and bachelor of technology in agriculture:
- The candidate must have class 12th certificate from Physics, Chemistry, Bio/math’s from any recognized board of India.
- The duration of Bsc in horticulture is 3 years and the duration of BTech is 4 years.
Master’s of science, postgraduate diploma, Msc Ag. Horticulture:
- The candidate must have a bachelor’s degree.
- The course duration for masters of science and Msc Ag. Horticulture is 2 years and postgraduate diploma courses are of 1 year.
The Admission may be different as per the college and university. In order to get admission to the reputed college, you will have to appear for the entrance exam. Most of the reputed colleges conduct the entrance exam at the institute level. On the basis of the marks scored in the entrance examination, admission will be granted. The admission criteria differ as per the college.
Some private colleges also offer admission on the basis of the marks scored in the last qualifying examination. The Admission is granted on the basis of the marks scored in class 12th marks. Some non-reputed or private organizations colleges also offer direct admission to the course. The Admission is offered without any entrance exam, Interview or oral examination etc.
Well, The horticulture course is all about knowledge, you must choose the college that could provide you with better knowledge. There is no difference between the private college and the government’s college education quality. But, Make sure to take admission in the reputed college, Institute or University.
Syllabus of Bachelor’s Degree Horticulture Courses:
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Elementary Statistics and Mathematics||Tropical and Subtropical Vegetables|
|Fundamentals of Soil Science||Fundamentals of Plant Breeding|
|Fundamentals of Economics and Marketing||Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management|
|Plant Propagation and Nursery Management||Fundamentals of Entomology|
|Introductory Crop Physiology||Fundamentals of Extension Education|
|Fundamentals of Horticulture||Fundamentals of Plant Biochemistry|
|Principles of Landscape Architecture||Orchard and Estate Management|
|Principles of Genetics and Cytogenetics||Growth and Development of Horticultural Crops|
|Communication Skills and Personality Development||Introductory Microbiology|
|Human Values and Ethics||Dryland Horticulture|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Fundamentals of Plant Pathology||Soil, Water and Plant Analysis|
|Spices and Condiments||Weed Management of Horticultural Crops|
|Organic Farming||Tropical and Subtropical Fruits|
|Nematode Pests of Horticultural Crops and their Management||Ornamental Horticulture|
|Principles of Plant Biotechnology||Plantation Crops|
|Temperate Fruit Crops||Farm Machinery and Power|
|Commercial Floriculture||Diseases of Fruit, Plantation, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops|
|Environmental Studies and Disaster Management||Insect Pests of Fruit, Plantation, Medicinal & Aromatic Crops|
|Agri- Informatics and Computer Application||Introductory Agro-meteorology & Climate Change|
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Temperate Vegetable Crops||Insect Pests of Vegetable, Ornamental and Spice Crops|
|Introduction to Major Field Crops||Apiculture, Sericulture and Lac culture|
|Medicinal and Aromatic crops||Precision Farming and Protected Cultivation|
|Seed Production of Vegetable, Tuber and Spice Crops||Introductory Agroforestry|
|Breeding of Vegetable, Tuber and Spice Crops||Breeding and Seed Production of Flower and Ornamental Plants|
|Diseases of Vegetables, Ornamentals and Spice Crops||Water Management in Horticultural Crops|
|Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops||Horti-Business Management|
|Entrepreneurship Development and Business Management||Potato and Tuber Crops|
|Processing of Horticultural Crops||Breeding of Fruit and Plantation Crops|
|Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Student Project||Student Project|
Top colleges in India for Horticulture:
|College Name||Average Annual Fees|
|Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology||INR 41,736|
|Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya||INR 14,710|
|Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya||INR 4,000|
|Shivaji University||INR 7,500|
|Bihar Agricultural University||INR 13,000|
|Horticultural College and Research Institute||INR 57,150|
|Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology||INR 47,000|
|University of Horticultural Science||INR 39,385|
|University of Agricultural and Horticultural Science||INR 22,000|
Career Scope and Job Opportunities:
A career can be better in any field, you just have to gain proper knowledge. The student of horticulture possesses huge knowledge in the field of agriculture. They are experts in the agricultural field and can give the best assistance to improve the quality of yields. The demand for horticulturists is in almost all sectors. They are given below:-
- Government sector
- Private sector
- Personal sector
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Salary Offered to Horticulturist:
- Bachelor’s in horticulture – 2.5 lakhs per annum
- Master’s in horticulture – 4 to 7 lakhs per annum
- Plantation manager – 7 to 7.5 lakhs per anum
- Horticulture specialists – 6 lakhs per annum
- Technical manager – 2 to 2.5 lakhs per annum
- Floriculturist – 3 to 6 lakh per annum
- Pomologist – 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
- Soil scientist – 3 to 6 lakhs per annum
- Seed analyst – 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.
Job Profiles in Horticulture:
- Cropping Systems Engineers
- Wholesale or Retail Business Managers
- Propagators and Tissue Culture Specialists
- Crop Inspectors
- Crop Production Advisers
- Extension Specialists
- Plant Breeders
- Research Scientists
- Landscape Architect
- Horticulture Consultant
- Pharma Consultant
- Green House Consultant
- Plantation Manager
- Orchard Manager
- Turf Consultant
- Supply Chain Manager
- Horticulture Therapist etc
- Plant Clinics
- Fruit, Vegetable Processing Plants
- Horticulture Department
- Research and Development Agencies
- Plant Pharmacy
- Educational Institutes
- Horticulture Laboratories
- Horticulture Equipment Manufactures
- Plant Import and Export
- Vegetable Farms
- Fruit Orchards etc
I Hope, You got the complete details about the Horticulture Course. The Course is neither tough nor easy. You just have to be dedicated to it to get better and work hard unless/until you get placed well.
FAQs For Horticulture Courses in India
The three branches of Fruits & vegetables, Ornamental Plants and Spices and plantation corps.
Horticulture is a sub-branch of Agriculture that deals with gardening of the plants while agriculture deals with the cultivation of crops.
Yes, It is a new trending field and has lots of job opportunities in future. A fresher with proper knowledge can earn much better.