After 12th Career

How to Become a Veterinary Doctor

There are many career options in the field of medicine. Becoming a doctor is a very common Aim and it is the dream of many youngsters who passes class 12th with Biology. Here in this article, I am sharing with you the complete details about the How to become a Veterinary Doctor after the 12th. We will get to know the Selection Process in the colleges and complete the required eligibility criteria for admission in the colleges etc. Let’s see the complete details below in this blog.

To be a doctor, There are many courses that one can opt for after the completion of class 12th with Biology. Among all the courses, the MBBS course is one of the most famous courses. One has the option to pursue the BUMS, BDS, BAMS and many others. Here in this article, we will see how to become a Veterinary Doctor and what are teh courses available for that. Let’s see the complete details below and starts with what is Veneritary Doctor.

What is a Veterinary Doctor:

There are some people who have lots of faith in animals and feels pity for their condition. The main aspect of becoming a Veterinary Doctor is you must understand animals. Understanding the animals and taking proper care of them and loving them is equally important as a degree of Veterinary Doctor.

A veterinary Doctor also known as Vet in the short term, cures and treats a different kind of diseases in birds and animals and perform surgery. If you are an animal lover and have a great interest in medical science then you can choose to become a veterinary doctor. Let’s see the complete required eligibility criteria to become a veterinary doctor in India:

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Required Eligibility Criteria:

  • In order to be eligible to get admission for a bachelor’s degree in veterinary science, the candidate must have completed their class 12th with physics, chemistry and biology as compulsory subjects from any recognised board.
  • Those candidates who wish to pursue a master’s degree in veterinary science must have a bachelor’s degree with an aggregate of 60% from any recognised college.
  • Candidates will have to clear NEET or other entrance exams such as AP EAMCET, UP veterinary entrance exam, AAU VET, UPCATET, AIPVT, RPVT, OUAT etc.
  • There are no limit criteria but some colleges have set age limits.
  • Some colleges require English as a compulsory subject along with Physic, Chemistry and Biology.

How to Become a Veterinary Doctor

How to Become a Veterinary Doctor After 12th:

Candidates who have completed their bachelor’s degree in veterinary science or animal husbandry are eligible to be an Animal Doctor or Veterinary Doctor. The only educational qualification required is 10 + 2 with biology as a common subject.

The admission process starts with the Entrance exam which is conducted at the national level like the All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT) or All India Common Entrance Exam (AICEE) conducted by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI).

After completing the bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science or animal Husbandry, candidates are required to register with the ‘State Veterinary Council’ to start the practice as a veterinary Doctor.

Educational qualifications:

Those who are willing to be a Veterinary doctors must possess certain educational qualifications.

After completing 12th from PCB, students can pursue under graduation in Veterinary science or animal husbandry from any university or college which is recognised by VCI ( Veterinary Council Of India ). There are lots of reputed colleges who offer this course. The duration of this course is 5 years.

Admission to this course at any college is done on the basis of the exam conducted by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI). Apart from this, there are some colleges that take admission on the basis of the entrance exam conducted by them.

Registration in the veterinary council of India:

After the completion of this course, the candidates are required to register in the state Veterinary Council to get the license so that they could practice. The license is provided to the only candidates who have done 6 months internship under the council.

Higher education:

Candidates who have completed under graduation from Veterinary Science or Animal Husbandry can further go for master’s degree program to gain specialisation in any of the field given below:-

  • Surgery
  • Genetics and breeding
  • Medicine
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Biotechnology

Joining as Veterinary doctor:

Candidates with the above-mentioned qualifications can join as a Veterinary doctor in private clinics as well as government clinics. Candidates can join in government sectors as per the notification released by the State Public Service Commission. Apart from this, one can work in any private organisation or can start working in their own clinic.


Courses Offered Under Veterinary Science and Husbandry:

There are many undergraduates as well as master’s degree courses are available that one can choose to become a doctor in the field. Here is the list of courses and some details about that as well:

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) – 5 years
  • Sc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • Sc. in Animal Production & Management
  • Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene

Master Courses:

  • Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) – 3 years
  • Sc in Veterinary Medicine
  • Sc in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • Sc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Veterinary Medicine
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Veterinary Pathology
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Veterinary Pharmacy
  • Diploma in Veterinary Lab Technician
  • Diploma in Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  • Diploma in Veterinary Assistant

Job Profiles of Veterinary Doctors in India:

  • Companion animal veterinarians
  • Equine veterinarians
  • Food safety and inspection veterinarians
  • Food animal veterinarians
  • Research veterinarians
  • Veterinary dermatologist
  • Veterinary pharmacologist.
  • Veterinary assistant
  • Veterinary physician
  • Veterinary epidemiologist
  • Veterinary surgeon

Employment Area of Veterinary Doctors India:

  • Private clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Slaughterhouse
  • Laboratories
  • Shelter house
  • Farms and ranches
  • Social advocacy organisations
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • University lecturer
  • Animal nutritional centre
  • Food supplement industries.

Pay Scale or Salary of a Veterinary Doctor:

The pay scale or salary of veterinary doctors depends upon their experience and expertise and the organisation or hospital in which they are working. The basic pay or the average salary o pay scale of a veterinary doctor is given below:-

  • Veterinary doctor – 2,00,000 to 9,00,000
  • Veterinary surgeon – 3,00,000 to 17,00,000
  • Veterinary dermatologist – 5,00,000 to 34,00,000
  • Veterinary technologist or technician – 1,80,000 to 3,00,000

The Salary and Payscale of a doctor are very well known. They get paid very well for their service either they are in Government service or in a private service etc. One has also the option to open his/her own clinics. There are other ways as well to get employed. One can also work with some organisations on a contract basis. Just  join the better college and gain proper education and practical knowledge about the field. Here is the list of some best colleges in India that are known for providing better education in the field:

Best colleges for Veterinary Science in India:

Here is the list of some colleges that are known for this course. I have also shared some rank of each colleges in India. Before taking admission in any of these colleges, one should do proper cross check. We are not promoting any colleges here. The names has been shared here just to help the students to choose the better college for admission. 

Name of the Institute or colleges

Veterinary Science Rank

ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal


ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly


Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana


Tamil Nadu Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Chennai


Maharashtra Animal & Fisheries Sciences University, Nagpur


Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Hisar


West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences, Kolkata


Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Pookode


Nanaji Deshmukh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Visva Vidyalaya, Jabalpur


Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner


Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati


UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidhyala Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan, Mathura


Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar


Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Durg


Sri PV Narsimha Rao Telangana State Veterinary University, Hyderabad


Kamdhenu University, Gandhinagar


So, If you are looking for How to Become Veterinary Doctor India. These are the ways by which you can be one. Remember, the competition is too much in the field of medical. One has to work hard to get better college.

FAQs For Veterinary Doctor

Which Course is best in Veterinary Science?

There are many, it all depends on the interest and passion etc. One can pursue the Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandary is known as the best course in this field if you are planning to become a Veterinary Doctor.

Can I do Veterinary without NEET?

No, there are no ways to get enrolled on any reputed colleges without NEET. One will have to appear for NEET to get better colleges for Veterinary Science.

Is Veterinary Doctor Gazetted Officer?

Yes, A Government Veterinary Doctor is considered a Class 1 gazetted officer.

About the author

Dasharath Maurya