Women participation in the social and economic development plays an important role for nation. Both women and men perform equally as two wheels of the society. Both equally contributed to lead the society’s goals and progress. Given the equal role of both, it is necessary that they have to get equal opportunities in all other fields. Without Women Education in India social and economical progress will not be possible. But the practicality in the country is some different views.
According to the 2011 census, the female literacy rate in the country is only 64.56 percent. While the male literacy rate in our country is 82.14 percent. It is noteworthy that India’s female literacy rate is much lower than the world average of 79.7 percent.
GOVERNMENT PLANNING AND WOMEN EDUCATION
In order to remove unbalancing from the society and improve the condition of female education. Women should be encouraged for their right and proper education. Education is the best step to make their positive efforts towards the society and the country. Article 45 of the Constitution of India provides that it is the duty of the state to provide free education to children up to the age of 14 years. The following programs have been run for the betterment of women education in India:-
Education for all campaign
- Indira Mahila Yojana
- Balika Samridhi Yojana
- National Women’s Fund
- Mahila Samridhi Yojana
- Employment and Income Generation Training-cum-Production Center
- Program for development of women and children in rural areas
WHAT IS SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a national mission run by the Government of India. The aim is to provide quality education up to 8 years for all children from 6 to 14 years of age. Atal Bihari Vajpayee achieved the pioneering goal for this program:
- To provide education in all the districts in the year 2002
- Bringing all children to school in the year 2003
- Children required to complete 5 years of education in the year 2007
- Make it necessary for all children to complete 8 years of elementary education in the year 2010
WHY IS EDUCATION IMPORTANT FOR WOMEN’S
The definition of education is Education is the growth and development of the self. Education enables us to acquire new skills and communicate with others in a civilized manner. Education is the basic right of all and therefore while providing education facilities. We should not difference between on the basis of sexes or genders. Unfortunately, this discrimination is still prevalent in many parts of the world. People need to understand that women are entitled to be educated and this is their basic right as men.
1. It Is Their Fundamental Right
First of all, education is the basic right for all and when we say that we all should not forget that women are also a part of this. There is a large population of women in the society and we cannot do such a large population as illiterate, it will be our great loss. All girls and women, whether rich, poor, young, old, married, unmarried, widowed or with any social status, have the basic right to education. Women Education in India is not a prerogative but this is a fundamental right for all Indian.
2. It Will Bring Equality In The Society
Inequality and discrimination always starts at the root level. A boy goes to school and his sister comes back simply because she is a girl. Girl feel of discrimination compare with the boy’s mind. He feels that he is superior simply because he is a boy and there is no logic to prove it. Boy and girl are same education level in the college and school, but in the mind set of boys that is they have a right to education and girls are not. this type of mid set in our country. When women participate in education by going to schools and colleges with boys, boys realize the basic rights of education and are unable to develop superiority. Therefore, educating women with men promotes the idea of equality and democracy.
3. Builds Their Confidence for Independent
This is true that education makes men and women independent. Education provides us skills to empower others to provide services for livelihood. If women/girl becomes educated they earn for themselves and not depend on their family. It boosts their confidence level and lets them make their own decisions.
4. It Makes the Development of the Nation
Women education in India make up about 50% of the total population. If they are left uneducated, a large part of the nation will not contribute to its development which is a major problem. That’s the main reason when educated women/girl takes education they will helps in development of a country.
IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION IN INDIA
- The deserving girls of our country are studying abroad and getting higher education system in India.
- They become skilled doctors, engineers, and an I.A.S officer.
- In army sector girls worked as an officer and military nursing service. There are some service areas in which women play their leading roles.
- There are a large number of women in nursing, education, society and community service.
- Women become as a entrepreneurs only due to the promotion of education.
- Women are also playing unique role become as a teacher in higher education system.
- Girls are also participating in radio, television and cinema sector.
- Lady used to work as air hostesses, now she has started working as an aircraft driver.
- All this is the result of the education of women and their passion.
- Performance in all sector places women in the front line of country service.
ADVANTAGE OF WOMEN EDUCATION
1. High Standard Of Living
An educated woman will contribute financially to the needs of her family and relatives. Two earning parents provide better development of lifestyle for children. their is more responsibility for the single earning member in family. Their are lots sacrifices and changing living standard of living of the family.
2. Social Development
Educating women can be the key to removing many social evils of Indian society – dowry, female feticide and workplace harassment etc. An educated woman transforms future generations.
3. Affordable Development
Educating women will definitely lead to economic development of the nation, as more women will join the workforce.
4. Better Health and Hygiene
An educated woman recognizes health hazards for her family and knows how to deal with them. She knows to tell her children about good and bad hygiene, feeding and nurturing them.
5. Social Recognition
A family with educated women, maintain a good social status and is more respected than others. Woman education in India properly praises the family in society and makes her proud.
Nowadays we see that various types of crimes in our society are related to women. Many people of the society believe in it as the mistakes of women. But this is absolutely wrong these crimes are our responsibilities. Make us aware of all these things along with women as well as men. So that every woman also can freely, fearlessly join the society step by step and walk with men. This is the demand of new India.